Every year the costs of education keep spiraling upwards. The education is necessary in order to achieve a level of success in the world we live in. Education may be at different levels whether its high school education, Bachelor’s level education, Master’s level education & doctorate or PhD level education. Each level of education has its varying levels of influence on a person’s life but at any level this education is important. Colleges charge so much these days that bank’s and even the institutions of learning provide loan options to people who want to study to get the education they desire.Education loans help you to get an education regardless of how expensive the education may be. This is especially true if this education is provided by an institution such as an Ivy League institution. If you have the necessary knowledge to cope with the rigors of a strict academic curriculum then cost shouldn’t be a limiting factor in your quest to get this necessary knowledge. You will definitely find it easier to offset the costs of your education with a loan while you study hard to improve yourself. At the end of the educational period you will benefit a whole lot more than you would if you took out the loan to buy a car or a house.Different types of education loans exist and they vary based on who is offering these aids for education. Some loans are offered by government bodies and institutions and others are offered by private bodies. Most loans offered from the government are usually offered without interest rates attached to their repayment terms others come with an obligation for service in a military institution e.g. ROTC loans. Most government loans are actually called government grants and they are usually used to designate loans that require no repayment terms. Other government loans that require paying an interest rate also exist but these sorts of loans are hardly available. Private education loans on the other hand almost always come with repayment terms and requirements. Some of these funds are given free of charge and with no obligations but in this case these funds are usually called scholarships.Different requirements exist for individuals who require education loans. These requirements often vary according to the institutions that are giving out these loans. In the case of government institutions the requirements are usually less stringent. If a state government institution is disbursing these loans the only requirement may be that the individual should be a resident of the state and enrolled in one of the available state institutions. Private loans or scholarships on the other hand have more stringent requirements especially in the case of scholarships which usually that the individual applying for the scholarship distribute some measure of academic excellence prior to enrolling in an academic institution.The repayment terms for an educational loan usually starts at some period after the individual who benefits from the loan has graduated from the said institution. The repayment terms will also have some degree of flexibility to help them cope with payments on their graduation.
Given the various flaws in the education system, many people become more vulnerable to bad financial advice. As a result, financial problems occur and this causes them to gain financial wisdom the hard way. Since prevention is better than cure, it is definitely better if we wire in sound financial concepts into students before they step into the outside world. The following single lesson below is one I deem extremely important for students to know, adding on to the 3 addressed in Part 1.One vital lesson the education system ought to have is the difference between capital gains and cashflow. Capital gains allow you to make money from a difference in buying and selling price. Basically, you must liquidate a certain asset in order to gain money. For cash flow, investors basically receive money every month from an investment without working for it. One example would be cash flow.As capital gains investments are affected by wild market swings, they are more of a gamble despite the fact that they can rake in more money in the short term. In contrast, cashflow investments provide steady and stable passive income over a long period of time and you can easily reinvest the money elsewhere to gain more cash flow.Given the rapid pace of change today, investors must invest for both cashflow and capital gains, with greater emphasis however placed on cash flow investments. This is because money today is a currency and must move to an asset that increases cash flow to prevent losing value to inflation.Also, investing for cash flow takes most risk out of investments because even if asset prices fall, the investor still receives his passive income monthly. However, if the price of asset increases, you get a bonus! This is much safer than capital gains investments.In stocks, the cash flow investments available would be dividend stocks. A rule of thumb to remember is that a dividend yield exceeding 5% would be a good stock while that below 3% would mean that the stock is over-priced, suggesting an eventual dip in prices.If many people knew this general rule, they would not have fallen prey to traps in the market during October 2007 and March 2009. In October 2007, the stock market hit a high of 14,564 with only 1.8% dividend yield. Using the rule, it would have meant that stocks are too expensive and investors shouldn’t enter. Nonetheless, many did not know this and entered the market during this time, causing heavy losses.To make things worse, history simply repeated in March 2009 when the stock market hit a low of 6,547 with 1.9% dividend yield. This also meant that prices were too high but nevertheless, many people thought prices were low and entered the market. Here, they lost money once again.In conclusion, given the repetition of such gaffes, it is definitely vital that schools guide their students well on knowing cash flow and capital gains investing well. This would definitely groom them into more financially literate individuals with more means of contributing back to society.